AskDefine | Define mosque

Dictionary Definition

mosque n : (Islam) a Muslim place of worship [syn: masjid, musjid]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

French mosquée, from Italian moschea, ultimately from Arabic masjid, literally ‘place of prostration’.

Pronunciation

Noun

  1. A place of worship for muslims, (corresponding to a church or synagogue), having at least one minaret; a masjid.

Translations

a place of worship for muslims

Extensive Definition

A mosque is a place of worship for followers of Islam. Muslims often refer to the mosque by its Arabic name, masjid, — (pl. masājid, — /mæˈsæːʤɪd/). The word "mosque" in English refers to all types of buildings dedicated for Islamic worship, although there is a distinction in Arabic between the smaller, privately owned mosque and the larger, "collective" mosque (, masjid jāmiʕ), which has more community and social amenities.
The primary purpose of the mosque is to serve as a place where Muslims can come together for prayer and some other activities of their life (e.g centre for information,Education,Dispute settlement). The Imam leads the prayer. Nevertheless, mosques are known around the world nowadays for their general importance to the Muslim community as well as their demonstration of Islamic architecture. They have developed significantly from the open-air spaces that were the Quba Mosque and Masjid al-Nabawi in the seventh century. Today, most mosques have elaborate domes, minarets, and prayer halls. Mosques originated on the Arabian Peninsula, but now exist on all the world's inhabited continents. They are not only places for worship and prayer, but also places to learn about Islam and meet fellow believers.

Etymology

mosque in Arabic: مسجد
mosque in Aragonese: Mezquita
mosque in Asturian: Mezquita
mosque in Azerbaijani: Məscid
mosque in Bengali: মসজিদ
mosque in Bosnian: Džamija
mosque in Bulgarian: Джамия
mosque in Catalan: Mesquita
mosque in Czech: Mešita
mosque in Welsh: Mosg
mosque in Danish: Moske
mosque in German: Moschee
mosque in Estonian: Mošee
mosque in Modern Greek (1453-): Τζαμί
mosque in Spanish: Mezquita
mosque in Esperanto: Moskeo
mosque in Basque: Meskita
mosque in Persian: مسجد
mosque in French: Mosquée
mosque in Western Frisian: Moskee
mosque in Irish: Mosc
mosque in Scottish Gaelic: Mosg
mosque in Galician: Mesquita
mosque in Korean: 모스크
mosque in Hindi: मस्जिद
mosque in Croatian: Džamija
mosque in Indonesian: Masjid
mosque in Ossetian: Мæзджыт
mosque in Icelandic: Moska
mosque in Italian: Moschea
mosque in Hebrew: מסגד
mosque in Javanese: Mesjid
mosque in Kannada: ಮಸೀದಿ
mosque in Georgian: მეჩეთი
mosque in Swahili (macrolanguage): Msikiti
mosque in Ladino: Mezkita
mosque in Latin: Meschita
mosque in Latvian: Mošeja
mosque in Lithuanian: Mečetė
mosque in Limburgan: Moskee
mosque in Hungarian: Mecset
mosque in Macedonian: Џамија
mosque in Marathi: मशीद
mosque in Malay (macrolanguage): Masjid
mosque in Dutch: Moskee
mosque in Japanese: モスク
mosque in Norwegian: Moské
mosque in Norwegian Nynorsk: Moské
mosque in Occitan (post 1500): Mosqueta
mosque in Polish: Meczet
mosque in Portuguese: Mesquita
mosque in Romanian: Moschee
mosque in Russian: Мечеть
mosque in Albanian: Xhamia
mosque in Sicilian: Muschea
mosque in Simple English: Mosque
mosque in Silesian: Mečet
mosque in Slovak: Mešita
mosque in Slovenian: Mošeja
mosque in Serbian: Џамија
mosque in Sundanese: Masjid
mosque in Finnish: Moskeija
mosque in Swedish: Moské
mosque in Tamil: மசூதி
mosque in Telugu: మస్జిద్
mosque in Thai: มัสยิด
mosque in Tajik: Масҷид
mosque in Turkish: Cami (ibadethane)
mosque in Ukrainian: Мечеть
mosque in Urdu: مسجد
mosque in Chinese: 清真寺
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